Family Services


Bullying can happen anywhere and to anyone. It is a form of repeated, aggressive behaviour directed at a specific person or group. Bullies intend to cause fear or harm to another – either physically or to his/her self-esteem.

Bullying is a serious matter, which increasingly, is leading to young people taking their own lives.

There are four main types of bullying:

  • Physical – kicking, punching, spitting etc.,
  • Verbal – insults, inappropriate comments, etc.,
  • Social – exclusion, ignoring, spreading gossip, facial expressions to humiliate or reject; and
  • Cyber – using email, testing, chat rooms, to put someone down.

If you suspect your child is either being bullied or is a bully, try to communicate openly about the situation with them, and work with the school or health care professionals in your community to get needed help.

(References: Fact Sheet, Bullying – Understanding the Problem for Parents, Toronto District School Board &


Sacred Children: Bullying Fact Sheet (PDF)

Sacred Children: Communication Fact Sheet (PDF)

Sacred Children: Self-Esteem Fact Sheet (PDF)


Canadian Red Cross – Stand Up to Bullying

Mind Your Mind -- A place for youth and emerging adults to access info, resources and tools during tough times.

Stop a Bully – Canada’s Anti-Bullying Reporting Program

Toronto District School Board – Bullying Prevention

Kids Help Phone

Books in Your Community

For Adults

Bullying: What Adults Need to Know and Do to Keep Kids Safe, Irene Van der Zande.

For Children and Youth

Bullies are a Pain in the Brain, Trevor Romain.

Bully B.E.A.N.S., Julia Cook, National Center for Youth Issues.

Hands Are Not For Hitting, Martine Agassi.

I Saw It Happen: A Child's Workbook About Witnessing Violence, Wendy Deaton and Kendall Johnson.

Stop Picking on Me, Pat Thomas, Barron's Educational Series.